Water availability and quality are alarming issues throughout the world including Pakistan. Water scarcity, aging infrastructure, growing water demand and urbanization are major concerns. Due to increasing water scarcity issues and increase in demand, water quality is deteriorating. Increase in average temperature of 0.6°C over the last 10 years, summer is becoming warmer and shifting the seasonal pattern, heavily impacting water availability. Empirical studies have reported the increase in water demand due to increase in population especially in summer. Water availability is decreasing in response to water demand. If water conservation strategies are not considered, Pakistan will be a “Water Scarce” country in the next 5-10 years. Therefore, water demand management is important and there is need to manage the existing water resources and water pricing is often suggested as a promising mechanism to reduce water demands. It is one of the integrated water management approaches and a novel idea for installation of water meters and implementation of water tariff for water conservation. water wastage, water theft or illegal use of water. It is novel in the sense that very little has been published regarding experiences in willingness to pay, metering and enforcement of water tariff in Pakistan. It is one of the approaches to convert non-revenue water into revenue water in urban areas. Considering review, it is important to propose the water metering and implementation of water tariff.
“Smart water metering and pricing project: A step towards Sustainable Development” is one of the projects of Centre for Climate Research and Development (CCRD) COMSATS University Islamabad, (CUI) in Sector I-8, Islamabad, under the guidance of Dr. Toqeer Ahmed, Assistant Professor at CCRD, CUI, in collaboration with Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC), Islamabad and the Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR), Government of Pakistan.